Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for headache pain

This study aimed to examine the durability of gain patterns following an 8-week Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) for headache pain program | Complementary Therapies in Medicine

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  • This study is the first to examine the durability of gains following Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) for headache.
  • Treatment related gains made at post-treatment were maintained at 6-months follow-up for key pain outcomes and process variables.
  • Current results add to a growing body of literature supporting the durability of MBCT for painful conditions.

Full reference: Day, M.A. & Thorn, B.E. (2017) Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for headache pain: An evaluation of the long-term maintenance of effects. Complementary Therapies in Medicine. Vol. 33 (Issue 8) pp. 94-98

 

Mindfulness and pain in knee osteoarthritis

Previous studies suggest that higher mindfulness is associated with less pain and depression. However, the role of mindfulness has never been studied in knee osteoarthritis (OA)

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Method: We performed a secondary analysis of baseline data from our randomized comparative trial in participants with knee OA. Mindfulness was assessed using the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ). We measured pain, physical function, quality of life, depression, stress, and self-efficacy with commonly-used patient-reported measures. Simple and multivariable regression models were utilized to assess associations between mindfulness and health outcomes. We further tested whether mindfulness moderated the pain-psychological outcome associations.

Conclusion: Mindfulness is associated with depression, stress, self-efficacy, and quality of life among knee OA patients. Mindfulness also moderates the influence of pain on stress, which suggests that mindfulness may alter the way one copes with pain. Future studies examining the benefits of mind-body therapy, designed to increase mindfulness, for patients with OA are warranted.

Full reference: Lee, A et al. (2017) Mindfulness is associated with psychological health and moderates pain in knee osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis and Cartilage. 25(6) pp. 824-831

Mindfulness Meditation for Pediatric Chronic Pain

Waelde, L.C. et al (2017) Children. 4, 32.

Despite advances in psychological interventions for pediatric chronic pain, there has been little research examining mindfulness meditation for these conditions. This study presents data from a pilot clinical trial of a six-week manualized mindfulness meditation intervention offered to 20 adolescents aged 13–17 years.

Mindfulness meditation shows promise as a feasible and acceptable intervention for youth with chronic pain. Future research should optimize intervention components and determine treatment efficacy

The full article is available to download here

Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction for Treating Low Back Pain

Anheyer, D. et al. Annals of Internal Medicine | Published online: 25 April 2017

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Background: Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) is frequently used to treat pain-related conditions, but its effects on low back pain are uncertain.

Purpose: To assess the efficacy and safety of MBSR in patients with low back pain.

Conclusion: Mindfulness-based stress reduction may be associated with short-term effects on pain intensity and physical functioning. Long-term RCTs that compare MBSR versus active treatments are needed in order to best understand the role of MBSR in the management of low back pain.

Read the full abstract here

Mindfulness Meditation for Chronic Pain: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Hilton, L. et al. (2017) Annals of Behavioral Medicine. 51(2) pp. 199–213

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Background: Chronic pain patients increasingly seek treatment through mindfulness meditation. This study aims to synthesize evidence on efficacy and safety of mindfulness meditation interventions for the treatment of chronic pain in adults.

Conclusions: While mindfulness meditation improves pain and depression symptoms and quality of life, additional well-designed, rigorous, and large-scale RCTs are needed to decisively provide estimates of the efficacy of mindfulness meditation for chronic pain.

Read the full article here